Comment les maladies cardiaques sont-elles traitées?

The treatment of coronary heart disease is usually the same for men and women. This may consist of changes in the state of life, medicines, medical and surgical procedures and cardiac rehabilitation.

The goals of treatment are:

Relieve symptoms
Reducing risk factors to slow, stop or reverse the deposit plate
Reduce the risk of blood clots, as this can cause a heart attack
Enlarge coronary arteries blocked by plaque or take a detour to avoid
Preventing complications of coronary heart disease
lifestyle changes

Changes in lifestyle can prevent or treat heart disease. In some people, these changes may be the only treatment needed.

Stop smoking

If you smoke or use tobacco, stop smoking. Smoking or smoking can increase your risk of heart disease and having a heart attack and can aggravate other risk factors for coronary heart disease. Ask your doctor about programs and products can help you quit. Also, try to avoid passive exposure to tobacco smoke.

If you have trouble quitting without help, think about being part of a support group. Many hospitals, businesses and community groups offer courses to help stop smoking.

For more information on quitting, see Done and your heart on the website on health topics and the book "Your Guide to a Healthy Heart" from the National Cancer Institute. Heart, lungs and blood (NHLBI).

Eat a healthy diet

A healthy diet is an important component of a healthy lifestyle. A healthy diet contains a variety of fruits and vegetables. These foods can be fresh, canned, frozen or dried. A rule that should be followed is to try to fill half the plate with fruits and vegetables.

A healthy diet also includes whole grains, low-fat dairy products and low-fat and high-protein foods such as lean meats, birds without skin, fish and shellfish, processed products soy, nuts, seeds, beans and peas.

Eat and prepare low-sodium foods (salt). Excess salt can increase your risk of high blood pressure. Recent studies have shown that adherence to the DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) can lower blood pressure.

Try to avoid foods and beverages high in added sugars. For example, drink water instead of sugary liquids such as soda.

Also, try to limit the amount of solid fats and refined grains you consume. Solid fats are saturated fats and trans fatty acids. Refined grains from the treatment of whole grains, which causes the loss of nutrients (such as fiber).

If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. Research indicates that regular consumption of small or moderate amounts of alcohol may also decrease the risk of coronary heart disease. Women should not drink more than one alcoholic drink per day.

A drink a day can reduce the risk of coronary heart disease because it increases HDL cholesterol concentrations. A drink is equivalent to a wine glass, a glass of beer or a small amount of alcohol.

If you do not drink, we do not recommend that you start drinking alcohol. In addition, if you are pregnant, planning to become pregnant or if you have a health problem where alcohol consumption is harmful, you should avoid drinking.

Excess alcohol can cause weight gain and increase blood pressure and triglycerides concentration. In women, even a daily drink can increase the risk of certain types of cancer.

For more information on how to eat a healthy diet, see the brochure "Your Guide to Lowering Your Blood Pressure with DASH" and visit the website Choosemyplate.gov the United States. Both resources contain general information on healthy eating.

staying active

Regular physical activity can reduce many risk factors for coronary heart disease, including high LDL cholesterol, high blood pressure and excess weight.

Physical activity can also reduce the risk of diabetes and may increase HDL cholesterol concentrations. (HDL cholesterol helps remove cholesterol from arteries).

Talk to your doctor before starting a new exercise program. Ask what type of physical activity you can do it safely and

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