Comment prévenir les maladies cardiaques?


Action to control risk factors can prevent or delay the onset of coronary heart disease. Your risk of coronary heart disease increases with the number of risk factors you have.

One step you can take is to adopt a healthy lifestyle for the heart. A healthy lifestyle should be part of an ongoing commitment to a healthy lifestyle.

For example, if you smoke, try to quit. Smoking or smoking can increase your risk of heart disease and heart attack; In addition, it can aggravate other risk factors for coronary heart disease. Ask your doctor about programs and products can help you quit. Also, try to avoid passive exposure to tobacco smoke.

For more information on quitting, see Done and your heart on the website on health topics and the book "Your Guide to a Healthy Heart" from the National Cancer Institute. Heart, lungs and blood (NHLBI).

A healthy diet is also an important part of a healthy lifestyle. A healthy diet contains a variety of fruits and vegetables. It also includes whole grains, low-fat dairy products or low fat content and high protein foods such as lean meats, birds skinless, fish and shellfish, processed products of soybean, nuts, seeds, beans and peas.

A healthy diet is low in sodium (salt), added sugar, solid fats and refined grains. Solid fats are saturated fats and trans fatty acids. Refined grains from the treatment of whole grains, which causes the loss of nutrients (such as fiber).

The TLC program (Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes) NHLBI and DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) promote healthy eating.

If you have an overweight or obese, work with your doctor to develop a reasonable plan that will allow you to lose weight. Weight management will help control the risk factors for coronary heart disease.

Get as much physical activity as possible. Physical activity can improve your fitness and your health. Ask your doctor what types of physical activities you can do safely.

For more information on physical activity, see "Physical activity and heart" on the website on health issues, the booklet "Being active at your convenience" of the US Department of Health and Human Services human and "your guide to physical activity" NHLBI and your heart. "

Discover the family history of coronary artery disease. If you or someone in your family has this disease, tell your doctor.

If lifestyle changes are not enough, you might also need medications to control risk factors. Take all medications as directed by your doctor.

For more information on lifestyle changes and medications, see "How is heart disease treated?".

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