Qui est à risque de maladie cardiaque?

Certain characteristics, diseases or habits can increase the risk of coronary heart disease. These situations are called risk factors. Risk factors can also increase the likelihood of coronary heart disease worsens if it already exists.

Usually, women and men have the same risk factors for coronary heart disease. However, some of these factors can affect women differently than men. For example, diabetes increases the risk of coronary heart disease in women. In addition, certain risk factors, such as oral contraceptives and menopause, are for women.

Many coronary heart disease risk factors are known. Your risk of heart attack and stroke increases with the number of risk factors you have and the severity of your risk factors. Risk factors tend to act together and to deteriorate.

If you have only one risk factor, your chances of coronary heart disease are twofold. Two risk factors are multiplied by four. Three or more risk factors multiply by more than ten.

In addition, certain risk factors, such as smoking and diabetes, increase the likelihood of coronary heart disease and heart attack than others.

Over 75 percent of women aged 40 to 60 have one or more risk factors for coronary heart disease. Many risk factors begin in childhood; Some arise even in the first ten years of life. You can control most risk factors, but others do not.

You can find more information in the article on the risk factors related to health Web site on health issues. If you want to know if you are at risk of coronary heart disease, talk to your doctor or health care professional.

Risk factors you can control


Smoking or smoking is the most powerful factor risk that women can control. Smoking or being exposed to smoking in the long term other smoking increases your risk of coronary heart disease and heart attack.

Smoking exposes you to carbon dioxide. This chemical eliminates blood oxygen precipitates and the deposit of plaque in the arteries.

Smoking also increases the risk of blood clots in the arteries. The clots can block arteries narrowed by plaque and cause a heart attack. The more you smoke, the more you risk having a heart attack.

Even women who smoke less than two cigarettes a day have an increased risk of coronary heart disease.

High levels of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood

Cholesterol through the bloodstream in small packages called lipoproteins. The two main types of lipoproteins are cholesterol low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol.

LDL cholesterol is sometimes called "bad" cholesterol. This is because it sends cholesterol to tissues, including the arteries of the heart. HDL cholesterol is called "good" cholesterol because it helps remove cholesterol from arteries.

Cholesterol levels are measured with a blood test called lipid profile or lipoprotéinogramme. This test provides information on total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol and triglycerides (another type of body fat).

Cholesterol concentrations were measured in milligrams (mg) of cholesterol per deciliter (dL) of blood. The risk of coronary artery disease increases a woman if it has a higher concentration of total cholesterol 200 mg / dL, a concentration of LDL cholesterol greater than 100 mg / dL or HDL cholesterol concentration below 50 mg / dL.

A higher concentration of triglycerides 150 mg / dL also increases this risk. The levels of HDL and triglycerides predict a woman's risk of heart disease better than its concentrations of total cholesterol or LDL cholesterol.


The term "blood pressure" refers to the force that blood exerts against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood. If this pressure rises and stays high enough, it can hurt the body in many ways.

Women who have a blood pressure of 120/80 mmHg more are at increased risk of coronary heart disease. (The abbreviation "mm Hg" means "millimeters of mercury," which are units in which the blood pressure is measured).

The definition of hypertension is different in people with diabetes

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